# us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using

## us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using

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US6862920B2 - Fluid parameter measurement in pipes using ...At least one **parameter** of at least one **fluid** in a **pipe** is measured **using** a spatial array of acoustic pressure sensors placed at predetermined axial locations along the **pipe** 12 . The pressure sensors provide acoustic pressure signals, which are provided to a signal processing system that determines the speed of sound a mix of the **fluid** (or mixture) in the **pipe** 12 **using** acoustic spatial array ...**Cited by:** 286**Publish Year:** 1999**Author:** Daniel L. Gysling, Alan D. Kersey, James D. Paduano

### Why is temperature required in liquid and gas flow systems?

Liquid systems do not have this problem. Temperature measurement is required in both liquid and gas flow measurement systems due to the fact that both liquid and gas density vary with temperature. So a continuous measurement of the temperature of the process is required in order to compensate for this variation.See all results for this questionWhat is the diameter of a turbine flow meter?The general guidelines suggested by manufacturers of turbine flow meters are 15-20 straight pipe diameters (inclusive of the strainer) straight pipe runs upstream and 5 straight pipe diameters straight pipe runs downstream.See all results for this questionWhat is pipe temperature measurement?That technique utilizes a temperature measurement on the outside surface of the pipe in which the fluid is flowing and assumes that that value is the temperature of the fluid. The goal of the work reported here is to quantify the possible differences between the measured pipe wall temperature and the temperature of the flowing fluid.See all results for this question

### What is differential pressure flow meter?

Both liquid and gas density change with temperature as a result, they are compensated for in a differential pressure flow measurement system like the orifice plate flow meter. 1. The Orifice plate (the differential pressure source) 2. Orifice plate fittings (more convenient for large pipe size) 3. Pressure piping (impulse lines) 4.See all results for this questionVisual Encyclopedia of Chemical EngineeringMany thermocouples can be combined in series to **measure** values of T at several locations or to provide a larger temperature **measurement** signal. To minimize errors in the reference temperature T r , thus ensuring accurate temperature **measurements**, the reference junction temperature must be known and constant. This is accomplished **using** an ice us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingUltrasonic Flow Measurement for Liquids - KatronicKatronic ultrasonic flowmeters can **measure** on **pipes** of all standard materials over a large diameter range and are suitable for process liquids from pure water to chemicals and effluents. The instruments **measure** over a range of 0.01 25 m/s and a repeatability of 0.15 %.

### US6862920B2 - Fluid parameter measurement in pipes using us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using

At least one **parameter** of at least one **fluid** in a **pipe** is measured **using** a spatial array of acoustic pressure sensors placed at predetermined axial locations along the **pipe** 12 . The pressure sensors provide acoustic pressure signals, which are provided to a signal processing system that determines the speed of sound a mix of the **fluid** (or mixture) in the **pipe** 12 **using** acoustic spatial array us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using**Cited by:** 286**Publish Year:** 1999**Author:** Daniel L. Gysling, Alan D. Kersey, James D. PaduanoUS6354147B1 - Fluid parameter measurement in pipes using us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingAt least one **parameter** of at least one **fluid** in a **pipe** 12 is measured **using** a spatial array of acoustic pressure sensors 14,16,18 placed at predetermined axial locations x1,x2,x3 along the **pipe** 12 . The pressure sensors 14,16,18 provide acoustic pressure signals P 1 (t), P 2 (t), P 3 (t) on lines 20,22,24 which are provided to signal processing logic 60 which determines the speed of sound a us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using**Cited by:** 286**Publish Year:** 1999**Author:** Daniel L. Gysling, Alan D. Kersey, James D. PaduanoUS5493512A - Method and apparatus for measuring A **measurement** method of measuring the unsteady flow of velocity of a **fluid**, characterized by the fact that it comprises the following steps: i) detecting instants at which the acceleration of the **fluid** is zero; ii) defining a **measurement** of the **fluid** velocity at instants where the acceleration is zero; and iii) determining changes in velocity between instants of zero acceleration by numerically integrating the

### US20020134144A1 - Fluid parameter measurement in pipes us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using

At least one **parameter** of at least one **fluid** in a **pipe** 12 is measured **using** a spatial array of acoustic pressure sensors 14,16,18 placed at predetermined axial locations x1,x2,x3 along the **pipe** 12 . The pressure sensors 14,16,18 provide acoustic pressure signals P 1 (t), P 2 (t), P 3 (t) on lines 20,22,24 which are provided to signal processing logic 60 which determines the speed of sound a us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using**Cited by:** 286**Publish Year:** 1999**Author:** Daniel L. Gysling, Alan D. Kersey, James D. PaduanoThe Manning Equation for Partially Full Pipe Flow For S.I. units, the constant in the Manning equation changes slightly to the following: Q = (1.00/n)A(Rh 2/3)S1/2 (2) Where: Q is the volumetric flow rate passing through the channel reach in m3s. A is the cross-sectional area of flow normal to the flow direction in m2. S is the bottom slope of the channel in m/m (dimensionless). n is a dimensionless empirical constant called us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingSpeed of Sound in Fluids and Fluid in Pipes | NeutriumSpeed of Sound for Fluids **in Pipes** Rigid **Pipes**. For an ideal, perfectly rigid **pipe**, the general speed of sound can be calculated **using** the Newton-Laplace equation as shown above. Circular Elastic **Pipe**. For a **pipe** with elastic walls the speed of sound in the **fluid** is impacted by the elasticity of the **pipe** wall and the **pipe** supports.

### Measuring Gravity-Fed Flow | PI Process Instrumentation

The **measurement** of **liquid** flow **in pipes** that rely on gravity as their motive force is one such class of applications. So Id like to give special consideration to this type of scenario here where I can fully flesh out the details. Typical process plants **use** pumps to transport liquids from Liquid Depth/Level to Hydrostatic Pressure Calculator1. Hydrostatic pressure to liquid level calculator 2. Local gravity calculator 3. Pressure units converter 4. Length units converterSee more on sensorsone us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingLeakage detection in water pipe networks using a Bayesian us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingOct 01, 2003 · The discrete variables, included in the **parameter** subset l, take integer values from 1 to p, indicating the number of the **pipe** that has leaked, while the continuous variables, included in the **parameter** subset s, can only take positive values since leakage involves **liquid** outflow.

### Introduction to Pipe Flow Measurement - The Process Piping

Flow through a varying cross section. Now from Bernloullis equation: (p1/) + (v1²/2g) + z1 = (p2/) Orifice Type Flow Meter. The flow expression obtained from equation 1 is not an accurate Orifice plate and permanent pressure drop. Venturi Tubes. Venturi tubes, shown in Figure 4, are so Venturi Tubes. Flow Nozzle. Flow nozzle, as shown in Figure 5, is a compromise between orifice Flow Nozzle. Rotameters. The orifice meter, Venturi tube and flow nozzle work on the principle of Rotameter. Positive Displacement Flow Meters. Positive displacement flow meters are the only Piston Flow Meter. Gear Flow Meters. Gear flow meters, as shown in Figure 8, consist of two round Gear Flow Meters. Helical Flow Meters. Helical or helical gear flow meters operate using the same Helical Flow Meters. Electromagnetic Flow Meter. Magnetic flow meters, as shown in Figure 10, Electromagnetic Flow Meter. Electromagnetic flow meters will only work if the fluid is conductive See full list on theprocesspiping us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingHow to Measure Gas Flow in a Mechanical Ventilator Using a us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingThe volume of the **fluid** that goes past a cross-section of **pipe** in a given time interval ( t t ) can be expressed as the product of the **pipe** cross-sectional area (A) times the distance the **fluid** travels ( x x ). Q = V olume time = A× x t = AV Q = V o l u m e t i m e = A × x t = A V.How a Orifice Measures Flow ? - InstrumentationToolsAn Orifice Meter is basically a type of flow meter used to **measure** the rate of flow of **Liquid** or Gas, especially Steam, **using** the Differential Pressure **Measurement** principle. It is mainly used for robust applications as it is known for its durability and is very economical. As the name implies, it consists of an Orifice Plate which is the basic element of the instrument.

### Fluid parameter measurement in pipes using acoustic us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes using

A method for** measuring** at least one** parameter** of a mixture of at least one** fluid** in a** pipe**, said method comprising:** measuring** acoustic pressures within the** pipe** at at least two predetermined axial** measurement** locations along the** pipe;** and calculating a speed of sound of the mixture** using** said acoustic pressure** measured** at said axial** measurement** locations.**Cited by:** 286**Publish Year:** 1999**Author:** Daniel L. Gysling, Alan D. Kersey, James D. PaduanoFluid Velocity Measurement Using a Pitot Tube (Pitot us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingPitot tubes are used in a variety of applications for measuring fluid velocity. This is a convenient, inexpensive method for measuring velocity at a point in a flowing fluid. Pitot tubes (also called pitot-static tubes) are used, for example, to make airflow measurements in HVAC applications and for aircraft airspeed measurements.See more on brighthubengineering us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingFlow Measurement: Upstream And Downstream Pipe If installed in a vertical **pipe**, make sure the **fluid** (**liquid** and slurries) flow up and gasses flow down and do not **use** the meter to align misaligned **pipe**. Turbine Flow Meters Turbine flow meters must be installed in a manner that minimizes **measurement** errors caused by turbulence or damage to the moving parts caused by high flow rates.Some results are removed in response to a notice of local law requirement. For more information, please see here.

### FLUID FLOW MEASUREMENT

head of **liquid** and velocity of flow are usually too small. Viscosity Viscosity is defined as the quantitative **measure** of tendency of a **fluid** to resist the forces of shear or deformation. Meaning, a **fluid** that can flow easily (e.g. water) has low viscosity, and a **fluid** that resist to flow (like cold honey, or Experiment #4: Energy Loss in Pipes Applied Fluid us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingThe total energy loss in a pipe system is the sum of the major and minor losses. Major losses are associated with frictional energy loss that is caused by the viscous effects of the fluid and roughness of the pipe wall. Major losses create a pressure drop along the pipe since the pressure must work to overcome the frictional resistance. The Darcy-Weisbach equation is the most widely accepted formula for determining the energy loss in pipe flow. In this equation, the friction factor (f ), a dimensionless quantitSee more on uta.pressbooks.pubEP0684458A2 - Multiphase flow meter - Google Patents**US6862920B2** (en) 1998-06-26: 2005-03-08: Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. **Fluid parameter measurement in pipes using** acoustic pressures GB2361322A (en) * 1998-07-28: 2001-10-17: Lanzhou Haimo Technologies Co: A measuring device for the gas-**liquid** flow rate **Cited by:** 58**Publish Year:** 1995**Author:** Ian Résidence les Hauts de Bailly Atkinson, Peter Long, Gérard Segeral

### Drilling Parameter - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

When adjusting these **parameters**, the angle of the high-speed **fluid** region remained relatively constant at 21°. Figure 8.16 . Relation of cuttings removed in irregular path (%) and the **fluid** velocity on PDC inserts with different densities of drilling **fluid** with a viscosity of Differences between measured pipe wall surface us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingOct 01, 2013 · For rapid and sufficient calculation accuracy for most situations, a means of determining the difference between the measured **pipe** outside-surface temperature and the **fluid** temperatures is to **use** the equation: (6) T **F l u i d** T M e a s = (T M e a s T A i r) [1 C r i t C r i t] As an example of the **use** of this equation, Case 2 of Table 2 will be considered.Chapter 7 FLOW THROUGH PIPESWater flows in a steel **pipe** (d = 40 mm, k = 0.045x10-3 m, µ = 0.001 k/ms) with a rate of 1 lit/s. Determine the friction coefficient and the head loss due to friction per meter length of the **pipe using**: 1- Moody chart? 2- Smooth **pipe** formula? Solution v = Q / A = 0.001 / ( (0.04)2/4) = 0.796 m/s R e

### Calculate Weight of Pipe - Engineering ToolBox

Weight of **Liquid in Pipe.** Weight of **liquid in pipes** per unit length can be calculated as. w l = l A i = l (d i / 2) 2 = ( / 4) l d i 2 (2) where. w l = weight of **liquid in pipe** per unit length of **pipe** (kg, lb) A i = cross-sectional inside area of **pipe** (m 2, in 2) l = density of **liquid** (kg/m 3, lb/in 3) water content **in pipes** us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingBingham Plastic Model - an overview | ScienceDirect TopicsSolution. **Using** the Bingham plastic model, rz = B0 + B( - dV z / dr) when - dV z / dr = 10 s - 1, rz = 15 + 150 × 10 - 3 × 10 = 16.5 Pa - dV z / dr = 100 s - 1, rz = 15 + 150 × 10 - 3 × 100 = 30 Pa. Now **using** the power-law model, rz = m(- dVz dr)n. Substituting the values of rz and (d Vz /d r ):Basics of Flow Measurement with the Orifice Flow Meter I us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingA simple change in static gas pressure within the **pipe** is all that is needed to make change, which in turn affects the relationship between flow rate and differential pressure drop. Therefore in gas flow **measurement**, change in **fluid** density with static pressure is compensated for. In **liquid** flow **measurement**, the scenario is different.

### Back to the Basics: Magnetic Flowmeters - Control Global

Apr 03, 2009 · Unfortunately, there are 12 flow **measurement** technologies in common **use** for a very good reason. No single flow technology works well, or even acceptably, in all applications. Of the more broadly based flow technologies, the one that works in the most applications, across most industries and with higher accuracy than even differential pressure us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingApplication of electrical resistance tomography to two us6862920b2 fluid parameter measurement in pipes usingAug 01, 2003 · The research results show that the method is feasible **using** feature extraction and analysis data to **measure** the **parameters** of two-phase flow under the different flow conditions, and prove that it is possible to monitor on-line the transportation process of air/water two-phase flow **using**